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Ready Reference > Key points Odisha

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Key points Odisha

Odisha

Capital

Bhubaneswar

Districts

30

Official
Language

Odia

Formed on

1 April 1936

Known for/as

Country’s sole resources
of ruby & platinum
group of metals.

Physical
Characteristics

Four natural divisions:
– Northern plateau
– Eastern Ghats
– Central trace
– Coastal plains.

Natural
Vegetation

– Tropical Semi-Evergreen Region
– Tropical Moist Deciduous Region
– Tropical Dry Deciduous Region
– Coastal Forests

Major Rivers

Mahanadi
From Chattisgarh
To false point
Brahmani
From Sankh & South Koel
To Bay of Bengal

Major
Regional
Festivals

Durga Puja,
Saraswati Puja,
Ganesh Puja,
Shiva Ratri, Janmastami,
Kali Puja, Dolapurnim,
Holi, Nua Khai,
Sitala Sasthi,
Car Festival (Ratha Yatra)

Major Art
Forms

Paintings
Patta Chitras,
Chitrapothi
Dance
Odissi,
Chhau dance,
Medha Nacha,
Danda Nata,
Changu Dance,
Karma dance,
Chaitighoda
Horse dance,
Baunsa rani,
Bamboo dance
& Dalkhai

Industry

Steel, Ferromanganese,
Cement, Aluminum,
Fertilizer production,
Nonferrous smelting,
Chemicals, ceramic products,
glassworks and
aeronautics equipment,
Paper mills, cotton textiles,
sericulture

Minerals

Chromite, graphite,
Bauxite, manganese ore,
Iron ore, sillimanite,
Quartzite, pyroxenite & dolomite

Agriculture

Pulses (legumes), oilseeds,
Vegetables, Wheat, Rice, Corn Maize],
Sorghum and Pearl Millet, Jute,
Sugarcane, Coconuts and Spices

Geographical
Indications

Kotpad Handloom fabrics,
Orissa Ikat,
Konark Stone Carving,
Pattachitra, Pipili
Applique Work,
Khandua Saree
& Fabrics,
Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics,
Ganjam Kewda Rooh,
Ganjam Kewda flower,
Dhalapathar Parda
& Fabrics,
Sambalpuri Bandha
Saree & Fabrics,
Bomkai Saree & Fabrics,
Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics,
Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha
Saree & Joda

State Animal

Sambar

State Bird

Indian Roller

State Flower

Lotus

State Tree

Banyan

World
Heritage
Sites

Sun Temple, Konarak

Ramsar Sites

Bhitarkanika Mangroves,
Chilka Lake

Biodiversity
Hotspots

Bird
Sanctuaries

Chilka Lake

National
Parks

Bhitarkanika NP,
Simlipal NP

Biosphere
Reserve

Simlipal

Wildlife
Sanctuaries

Badrama WLS
Baisipalli WLS
Balukhand Konark WLS
Bhitarkanika WLS
Chandaka Dampara WLS
Chilika (Nalaban) WLS
Debrigarh WLS
Gahirmatha (Marine) WLS
Hadgarh WLS
Karlapat WLS
Khalasuni WLS
Kotagarh WLS
Kuldiha WLS
Lakhari Valley WLS
Nandankanan WLS
Satkosia Gorge WLS
Simlipal WLS
Sunabeda WLS
Kapilash WLS

Tiger
Reserve

Simlipal, Satkosia

Elephant
Reserve

Mayurbhanj ER
Mahanadi ER
Sambalpur ER
Baitami ER
South Orissa ER

Marine
Protected
Area

Bhitarkanika
Chilka (Nalaban)
Gahirmatha
Balukhand Konark