Published on: June 16, 2023
Source: Times of India
Cyclone Biparjoy made landfall in the Kutch district of the state on June 15 and lingered there until midnight.
Landfall of a Cyclone
Landfall refers to the event when a tropical cyclone transitions from being over water to moving onto land.
According to the IMD (Indian Meteorological Department), landfall occurs when the center or eye of the cyclone crosses the coast.
The Eye of a Cyclone:
The eye of a cyclone is a region at the center of the storm characterized by relatively calm weather.
It has circular or oval shape and features light winds, clear or partly cloudy skies, and reduced precipitation.
The size of the eye can vary significantly, ranging from a few kilometers to over 50 kilometers (30 miles) in diameter for larger cyclones.
Prior to landfall, the outer bands of the cyclone may have already reached the coast, bringing strong winds, heavy rain, and storm surge.
Landfall marks the official moment when the cyclone reaches the land.
Difference from “Direct Hit”:
It’s important to distinguish landfall from a “direct hit.”
A direct hit refers to a situation where the core of high winds, known as the eyewall, comes onshore, but the center of the storm may remain offshore.
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