Sex ratio at birth declines in 10 states: Sample Registration Survey

Sex ratio at birth declines in 10 states: Sample Registration Survey

Daily Current Affairs   /   Sex ratio at birth declines in 10 states: Sample Registration Survey

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Category : National Published on: September 27 2022

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  • India’s latest population sample registration survey has shown improvements in child mortality and the average sex ratio at birth.
  • India’s average neonatal mortality (deaths within 30 days of birth) declined to 20 per 1,000 live births in 2020 from 22 in 2019 and 26 in 2014.
  • Infant mortality (deaths within the first year after birth) fell to 28 in 2020 from 30 in 2019 and 39 in 2014, while under-five mortality declined to 32 in 2020 from 35 in 2019 and 45 in 2014.
  • Six states have attained the SDG target of 12 for neonatal mortality — Kerala (4), Delhi (9), Tamil Nadu (9), Maharashtra (11), Jammu and Kashmir (12) and Punjab (12).
  • The national sex ratio at birth — the number of girls born per 1,000 boys — improved by three points from an average 904 in 2017-19 to 907 in (the partly overlapping period of) 2018-20.
  • Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 974 while Uttarakhand has the lowest at 844. In Bengal, the ratio has fallen from 944 to 936.
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