NDA & NA Examination Paper-2- General Ability Test

UPSC NDA and NA - General Ability Test - Exam pattern 2022, Eligibility and Summary

UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts the National Defence Academy & National Naval Academy Examination (NDA & NA Examination) twice a year. It is a national-level exam for recruiting the candidates in Army, Navy, and Air force. In a year it is conducted as NDA & NA (I), and ND...(Read More)

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UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts the National Defence Academy & National Naval Academy Examination (NDA & NA Examination) twice a year. It is a national-level exam for recruiting the candidates in Army, Navy, and Air force. In a year it is conducted as NDA & NA (I), and NDA & NA (II) Examinations.

The exam consists of 2 Papers- (1) Mathematics and (2) General Ability Test (GAT). The syllabus of both papers is based on CBSE 10+2 standards. After qualifying for the written test the candidates are called for an NDA SSB Interview. And hence the final selection of Students depends on their performance in the written exam and SSB Interview.

UPSC NDA Exam Pattern 2022

The UPSC NDA Examination has two stages for candidate selection. The written test and the SSB Round are the two stages of the examination. The entire selection procedure is for a total of 1800 points. Both stages are worth 900 points apiece, and the ultimate selection will be determined by how well you perform in each of them. Candidates can review the UPSC NDA Exam Pattern in detail below.

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  • Exam Pattern

    Total Marks : 600
    Total Time : 150 Min
    -ve marking : 1.32 (For each wrong answer)
    Subject Qns. Marks
    Part 'A'- English 50 200
    Part 'B'- General Awareness 100 400
    Total 150 600

    Eligibility Criteria

    Educational Qualifications for NDA and NA:

    (A) For Army Wing of National Defence Academy:

    • 12th Class pass in the 10+2 school education pattern, or equivalent examination administered by a State Education Board or a University.


    (B)  For Air Force and Naval Wings of National Defence Academy and for the 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme at the Indian Naval Academy:

    • 12th Class pass with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics from the 10+2 school education pattern or equivalent from a State Education Board or a University


    Age Limit for NDA and NA:

    The age limit of the applicants should be between 15.7 years to 18.7 years. 

    *Only unmarried male/female candidates born between the dates of July 2nd, 2003 and July 1st, 2006 are eligible.*

    Important Note: 

    • Candidates enrolled in the 12th grade under the 10+2 school education pattern or an equivalent examination are also eligible to take this exam.

    • Candidates who have been prohibited from holding any form of commission in the Defence Services by the Ministry of Defence will be ineligible to take the exam.

    • A candidate must be an unmarried male/Female who is either an Indian citizen, a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, or a Nepalese national, Sri Lanka, Burma, and East African countries such as Uganda, Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zaire, Malawi, Zambia, and Ethiopia, as well as Vietnam, with the intention of permanently relocating to India.


    Physical Standard for NDA and NA:

    • Aspirants for admission to the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination must be physically fit according to physical standards.

    • Aspirants are also advised to correct a few minor flaws/ailments such as Wax (ears), Deviated Nasal Septum, Hydrocele/Phimosis, Overweight/Underweight, Undersized Chest, Piles, Tonsillitis, and Varicocele.

    • UPSC has set the different physical, visual, and medical standards for males and females for different posts of CDS, so candidates can check the information of physical standards through the official Website link on our website or whether they can check directly from the official Website of UPSC.

    Exam Pattern

    Schemes of the NDA and NA Selection Procedure:

    The recruitment process will be held in the following phases.

    • Written Exam

    • SSB Test/ Interview

    • Medical Examination/ Physical Standard


    NDA and NA: Written Exam  




    Maximum Marks

    Total number of Questions

    Total Marks



    2½ Hours




    General Ability Test


    2½ Hours



    Important Note:

    • The examination will take place offline.

    • All the questions in the written examination will be of Multiple Choice (MCQs) type.

    • In the mathematics section each question carries 2.5 marks and in the general ability test, it will carry 04 marks each.

    • Each incorrect answer will be 1/3rd marks deduction.

    • The Examination test will be conducted in both English and Hindi (`Bilingual).


    NDA and NA: Intelligence and Personality Test

    The total marks given for the SSB Test/ Interview is 900.

    The SSB procedure is divided into two stages:

    • Stage-I and Stage-II.

    *Only those candidates who pass stage-I are eligible to take stage-II.*

    • Stage-I: Officers Intelligence Rating (OIR) Test are Picture Perception * Description Test (PP & DT) 

    • Stage-II: The second stage consists of an interview, Group Testings Officers Task (GTO), psychological tests, and the conference.

    Vacancy Details

    The following are the likely positions that will be filled up through this Exam:


    Organization Name


    NDA – National Defence Academy


    208 (including 10 for female candidates)


    42 (including 03 for female candidates)

    Air Force


    92 (including 02 for female candidates)

    Ground Duties (Tech)

    18 (including 02 for female candidates)

    Ground Duties (Non-Tech)

    10 (including 02 for female candidates)

    Naval Academy (10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme)

    30 (for male candidates only)





    Syllabus for NDA and NA: Written Examinations

    Mathematics (Paper-1 or Code-1)






    Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.

    Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.


    Matrices and Determinants

    Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.



    Angles and their measures in degrees and radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.


    Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimensions

    Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. Angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.


    Differential Calculus

    Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions - examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative-application. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima


    Integral Calculus and Differential Equations

    Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.

    Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.


    Vector Algebra

    Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.


    Statistics and Probability

    Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution - examples. Graphical representation - Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.

    Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.


    General Ability Test (Paper-2 or Code-2)




    Part A

    (200 Marks)


    The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like : Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

    Part B

    (100 Marks out of 400 Marks)


    Section ‘A’ of GK (Physics)

    Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume,

    Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.

    Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of

    Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye.

    Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a


    Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors,

    Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic

    effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and

    Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.

    General Principles in the working of the following:

     Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon,

    Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone,

    Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s

    Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses

    Part B

    (60 Marks out of 400 Marks)


    Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)

    Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water.

    Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon - different forms. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.

    Part B

    (40 Marks out of 400 Marks)


    Section ‘C’ (General Science)

    Difference between the living and non-living. Basis of Life—Cells,

    Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and


    Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs.

    Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.

    Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent


    Part B

    (80 Marks out of 400 Marks)


    Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)

    A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and

    Civilisation. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.

    Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.

    Part B

    (80 Marks out of 400 Marks)


    Section ‘E’ (Geography)

    The Earth, its shape and size. Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.

    Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering-Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.

    Part B

    (40 Marks out of 400 Marks)


    Section ‘F’ (Current Events)

    Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.

    Important Note: 

    • Out of maximum marks assigned to part ‘B’ of this paper, questions on Sections ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’, ‘E’ and ‘F’ will carry approximately 25%, 15%, 10%, 20%, 20%, and 10% weightage respectively

    Application Fee

    Fee Payable by Candidates for NDA and NA Exam:

    For All Other Candidates: Rs. 100/-

    SC/ST candidates/female candidates/Wards of JCOs/NCOs/ORs: Exempted


    Mode of Payment:

    • The payment can be made by using either depositing the money in any Branch of SBI by cash, or by using the net banking facility of State Bank of India, or by using Visa/Master/Rupay Credit/Debit Card.

    • Applicants who choose the "Pay by Cash" option should print the Pay-in-slip issued by the system during Part-II registration and deposit the fee at the SBI Branch counter the next working day only.

    • The sons of serving/ex-Junior Commissioned Officers/Non-Commissioned Officers/Other Ranks of the Army, as well as equivalent ranks in the Indian Navy/Indian Air Force, are exempt from paying the prescribed fee if they attend a Military School/Sainik School run by the Sainik Schools Society.

    How to Apply

    For further information on how to fill out the online application form, see the instructions below.

    • Visit the official website of UPSC

     Go to the ''Apply Online'' tab

     Select the "Online Application for Various Examinations" link.


     Start the NDA/NA registration process with Part-I.

     Fill-up all the details

     Pay the NDA/NA application fee.

     Upload the scanned photograph and signature

     Agree to the declaration

     Submit the application.

     Make a hard copy for future reference.

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    This exam is part of a combo package. You will get access of below exams in single purchase.

    NDA & NA Examination Paper-1 (Mathematics)

    NDA & NA Examination Paper-2 (General Ability Test)

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